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Chapter Divisions: Noor Chughtai


In David Lodge’s “The Art of Fiction”, Lodge discusses the purpose and importance of chapter division in fictional novels. Along with arguing that chapter division’s purposes include offering the reader time to take breath and serve as an intervening pause, his strongest argument is that it serves as a transition between different times and places that appear within a fictional novel. Additionally, he discusses the importance of the rhythm and tempo of a book as well as the importance and implied significance of introductory and concluding sentences. Lodge’s understanding of chapter division parallels with what is seen in Duong Thu Huong’s novel, Paradise of the Blind.

As stated by Lodge, “we tend to take the division of novels into chapters for granted, as if it were as natural and inevitable as the division of the discourse into sentences and paragraphs. But of course it is not.” In the novel Paradise of the Blind, Huong strategically breaks up the text into smaller subunits in order to clearly mark a shift between times and places. These constant transitions cause the tempo of the novel to depend on the structural organization. Readers can easily detect that the chapter’s novels are sparked by an emotion Hang feels that tend to trigger a flashback. For example, chapter two concludes with Hang listening to Russian music and wishing that “mother could feel this revolt, if only her heart cold gather a spark from this inferno”. The mention of her mother’s inability to revolt sparked the introduction of Chapter 3 in which she discusses her mothers difficult past before Hang’s birth. Another example is the shift between chapter 3 and 4. Chapter 3 ends with Hang mentioning her ability to “see her father clearly” after being described by her mother, which sparks the introduction to chapter 4 in which Hang discusses her father’s struggle and relations with people of the village during the time before her birth. By dividing the chapters as such, Huong creates a pattern that the readers become accustomed to, allowing them to easily differentiate between the past and present as they read the novel.

Interestingly, the pattern caused by chapter division offers a rhythm that the readers subconsciously become accustomed to. Huong purposely plays with the tempo and manipulates it to her advantage to imply, signify, or highlight a certain event or flashback. For example, chapter one through five establish a pattern in which Hang’s emotion spark the flashback that will be introduced in the following chapter. However, Huong causes a change in speed from the transition of chapter five to chapter six when Hang completes a memory that was being discussed in the previous chapter, which is not something that was typically done before that point. This hints to readers that Huong is subtly trying to highlight or imply that the flashback significantly contributes to the plot of the novel.



  1. sbnalsaadi says:

    It was insightful seeing your analysis of chapter division because I agree with the fact that it is often overlooked and taken for granted. I myself recognized the shift between flashback and reality but you bring up a good point of the pattern and the fact that it creates a good tempo for the novel. I personally thought that the main purpose for the chapter divisions was to signify the cliffhangers but thank you for the new information 🙂 !

  2. sameehakhalil says:

    First, I would like to say that this was an excellent analysis of chapter divisions, specifically since both of our topic relate regarding shifts in time throughout the novel. Second, I noticed that you mentioned the triggers that spark Hang’s flashbacks. Although I did not focus on these specific triggers, I realize that it is important to find the reasons behind these peculiar time-shifts.

  3. Lodge makes a good point when he states that chapter divisions serve as transitions between different times and places that appear within a fictional novel. This is important because it personally helped me understand what events are taking place and why. Also you’re statement reguarding the shifts between chapters to highlight certain events helped me understand events and their significant’s.This also allowed me to reflect on main events and link them to the shifts from the chapters before.This information really made me more attentive to transitions, and answered my question that I always wondered about, on why chapter division even exist? Thank you !!

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