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The Title: Lodge’s Ideas applied to Duoung Thu Huong’s Paradise of the Blind (rough draft)

The Title is a complex and broad way to start. The Title it’s what get the readers attention this step is really needs to be look through deep at it. Lodge’s points were creating a title to a shape that must be focused what the tittle of the novel is, and the design affect the reader’s notice. Also, Back then English novels were the names of the central character. Now novelist, they choose one line from the book and make it as a title. The titles always mean more to the authors than the readers.

This novel paradise of the blind deliberates the feminist issues and the leaders of communist. In this novel deliberate the feminist issue where Aunt Tam start working when her family kicked her out. She sowed other’s people’s rice paddies from sunshine till sunset. One of the relatives told her she works at the noodle soup. As days past she got richer and richer. Holidays would come like new years the restaurant would still open. She would get her stuff and then sell it. Her other job the noodles, she works with a partner. Their business got bigger. After 5 years of working two part time job. Aunt Tam came back to the house; her family took everything in the house, after they took everything. The house was messy and kind of dirty; she stayed up three days cleaning the house without even sleeping. The money that she earned, she used to buy furniture for the house, and paintings. The house was like a castle. When they took everything you could hear the eco of your voice. Then Aunt Tam told Hang that everything in this house belongs to you, plus if hang need money Aunt Tam will give it her. Hang wears the best best clothes, and her clothes cost expensive. This short explanation from the paradise of the blind illustrated hang was living like in the paradise of the house of Aunt Tam.

On the other side, the people were blind to the leaders of the communist parties. In the book pg. 30 it says, “ Without weakness, without hesitation, once and for all we conquer. The landowning classes will never rule again!” Describes the communist in and how lower classes will always be peasant. It would hard for them to go higher classes no matter what they do. In page 29, uncle Chin who is the vulnerable section of chief screamed father’s Hang and aunt Tam because they were not answering his questions. After what happen, aunt Tam told Hang’s father to leave this humiliation, “heaven will reward us “

Giving examples from each word in the title: paradise and blind in the novel. An example of paradise is when aunt Tam prayed for Hang’s father that we would see each other in paradise, and not live this life. In the beginning of the novel they introduce blind guy singing the TET (the celebration of the lunar new year).


Weather applied to the novel, Paradise of the Blind(final)

David Lodge describes weather as one of the main themes that is concentrated on in fiction. The detailed description of the weather helps to set the mood as gloomy, or sad. The author uses the weather to manipulate how one feels about the character and their actions, based on the popular belief that how a person feels is affected by their personal view of their surroundings and environment. Weather affects our moods, and the writer can easily set the mood to be sad by describing the weather to be gloomy and dreary.  Similarly, the author can induce feelings of joy and happiness with the sun shining and clear blue skies.  In the novel, Paradise of the Blind, the author periodically references different aspects of the weather to elicit feelings of hope and sadness.  The use of pathetic fallacy is evident in Lodge’s description of literary themes.  Pathetic fallacy is the use of external things to give the reader a false sense of feeling about something.  The technique is often used to emphasize how the weather is depicting extreme feelings of sadness or happiness. Duong also uses pathetic fallacy when saying, “To me, autumn was a unique, foreign kind of beauty.  Soon, it would be winter, and snow, endless snow”.  Hang’s hope is illustrated here by her adoration of the autumn season, while simultaneously foreshadowing that something bad is going to happen by using the ‘endless snow’ as a metaphor for suffering.

One of the quotes that makes a major impact in the beginning of the novel is when the protagonist, Hang, is expressing internal reflection.  Hang says that “I could feel the chill of exile under my skin, in my bones.”  The imagery found here makes the reader empathize with Hang in that she is “chilled” by her exile because she is far from her home.  Ironically, Hang simultaneously feels that she not only chilled, but also on fire, by saying she wishes her mother’s heart “could gather a spark from this inferno.”  The irony of using the cold and the heat to describe her internal struggle is truly profound.

One of the most prevalent themes that Duong makes references to throughout the novel is the lotus flower.  At one point in the novel they are used to represent beauty and hope, when Duong states that “those purple flowers always glistened, radiant in the middle of the filth.”  They are also used to symbolize redemption and hope in that Hang’s relationship with her mother was very distant and non-existent.  When Hang visits her mother for the first time after being kicked out, her mother makers her lotus-seed pudding, symbolizing that they have somehow fixed their broken relationship.  Duong ends the novel by writing “I can’t squander my life tending to these faded flowers, these shadows, the legacy of past crimes.”  This metaphor shows Hang referring to her past, and all the flashbacks she has had, where Duong had ironically used the flower references to depict hope and beauty throughout the novel.  Hang is now saying that the flowers are nothing but faded, symbolizing her family and their history of crime, and the shadows representing the Vietnamese people she is leaving.  The faded flowers now represent her ultimate decision to let go of her past and leave her family and culture.